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Unleashing Your Dog

A Field Guide to Giving Your Canine Companion the Best Life Possible

New World Library, 2019

The phrase “it’s a dog’s life” connotes happy-go-lucky days of pleasure and ease. But our canine companions are in many ways our captives. No matter how cushy their captivity, we decide what and when they eat; where they sleep, poop, and play; when they can walk and when they must sit or stay. As the demand for dog trainers and veterinary behaviorists attests, dogs are not naturally adapted to living with and among modern humans. They give up a lot of freedom and instinctual pleasure, as well as their innate strategies for coping with stress and anxiety, in exchange for the comfort and care they get from humans. Bekoff and Pierce show that it is possible to let dogs be dogs without wreaking havoc on our own lives. They begin by illuminating the true nature of dogs and helping us “walk in their paws.” They reveal what smell, taste, touch, sight, and hearing mean to dogs and then guide readers through everyday ways of enhancing a dog’s freedom and minimizing deprivations in safe, mutually happy ways. The rewards, they show, are great ― for dog and human alike.


Canine Confidential:

Why Dogs Do What They Do

University of Chicago Press, 2018

For all the love and attention we give dogs,  much of what they do remains mysterious. Just think about different behaviors you see at a dog park: We have a good understanding of what it means when dogs wag their tails—but what about when they sniff and roll on a stinky spot? Why do they play tug-of-war with one dog, while showing their belly to another? Why are some dogs shy, while others are bold? What goes on in dogs’ heads—and how much can we know and understand?
Canine Confidential has the answers. Written by award-winning scientist—and lifelong dog lover—Marc Bekoff, it not only brilliantly opens up the world of dog behavior, but also helps us understand how we can make our dogs’ lives the best they can possibly be. Rooted in the most up-to-date science on cognition and emotion—fields that have exploded in recent years—Canine Confidential is a wonderfully accessible treasure trove of new information and myth-busting. Peeing, we learn, isn’t always marking; grass-eating isn’t always an attempt to trigger vomiting; it’s okay to hug a dog—on their terms; and so much more. There’s still much we don’t know, but at the core of the book is the certainty that dogs do have deep emotional lives, and that as their companions we must try to make those lives as rich and fulfilling as possible.
There’s nothing in the world as heartwarming as being greeted by your dog at the end of the workday. Read Canine Confidential, and you’ll be on the road to making your shared lives as happy, healthy, and rewarding as they can possibly be.

The Animals' Agenda:

Freedom, Compassion, and Coexistence in the Human Age

Beacon Press, April 2017
(Available wherever books are sold.)

A compelling argument that the time has come to use what we know about the fascinating and diverse inner lives of other animals on their behalf.

Wide-ranging studies of animal intelligence and emotions have enabled us to learn ever more about what animals think, feel, and want. However, this knowledge is not necessarily translating into more compassionate and respectful treatment of animals. The Animals’ Agenda critically addresses our relationships with animals in factory farms, research labs, and entertainment venues, as well as our interactions with pets and wildlife, exploring what we know of their capacity not only for pain and frustration but also joy and empathy. Using the latest science, renowned animal expert Marc Bekoff and leading bioethicist Jessica Pierce argue for a paradigm shift. They demonstrate that the current approach of animal-welfare science, while offsetting some of the worst aspects of animal suffering, falls far short of promoting true animal well-being and freedom.

The Animals’ Agenda will educate and inspire people to rethink how we affect other animals, both unintentionally and intentionally, and how we can evolve toward more peaceful and less violent ways of interacting with our animal kin in an increasingly human-dominated world.

Rewilding Our Hearts

Building Pathways of Compassion and Coexistence

New World Library, 2014

In wildlife conservation work, rewilding — to make wild once again — refers to the creation of corridors between preserved lands that allow declining populations to rebound. Marc Bekoff, one of our most engaging animal experts and activists, here applies the concept to human attitudes. He argues that unless we rewild ourselves, becoming profoundly reconnected to nature and fundamentally shifting our consciousness, our conservation efforts will have but limited impact. Bekoff shows that when we make the effort to not just see, but to emphatically become “the seen,” our perspective on animals and their habitats changes in profound ways. As we shift to acting from the inside out, our efforts move beyond simply reacting to current crises and become powerfully proactive. Ultimately, Rewilding Our Hearts invites readers to become re-enchanted with our world, and by dissolving false boundaries, to truly connect with both nature and ourselves.

The Jane Effect

Celebrating Jane Goodall

Trinity University Press, 2015

In her nearly 60-year career as a groundbreaking primatologist and a passionate conservationist, Jane Goodall has touched the hearts of millions of people. The Jane Effect: Celebrating Jane Goodall is a collection of testimonies by her friends and colleagues honoring her as a scientific pioneer, an inspiring teacher, a devoted friend, and an engaging spirit whose complex personality tends to break down usual categories. Jane Goodall is the celebrity who transcends celebrity. The distinguished scientist who's open to nonscientific ways of seeing and thinking. The human who has lived among non-humans. She is a thoughtful adult with depth and sobriety who also possesses a child's psychological immediacy and sense of wonder. She is a great scientific pioneer, and yet her pioneering work goes far beyond producing advances in scientific knowledge. The more than 100 original pieces included in this inspirational collection give us a sense of her amazing reach and the power of the "Jane effect." 




Ignoring Nature No More:

The Case For Compassionate Conservation

University of Chicago Press 2013

For far too long humans have been ignoring nature. As the most dominant, overproducing, overconsuming, big-brained, big-footed, arrogant, and invasive species ever known, we are wrecking the planet at an unprecedented rate. And while science is important to our understanding of the impact we have on our environment, it alone does not hold the answers to the current crisis, nor does it get people to act. In Ignoring Nature No More, Marc Bekoff and a host of renowned contributors argue that we need a new mind-set about nature, one that centers on empathy, compassion, and being proactive.

This collection of diverse essays is the first book devoted to compassionate conservation, a growing global movement that translates discussions and concerns about the well-being of individuals, species, populations, and ecosystems into action. Written by leading scholars in a host of disciplines, including biology, psychology, sociology, social work, economics, political science, and philosophy, as well as by locals doing fieldwork in their own countries, the essays combine the most creative aspects of the current science of animal conservation with analyses of important psychological and sociocultural issues that encourage or vex stewardship. The contributors tackle topics including the costs and benefits of conservation, behavioral biology, media coverage of animal welfare, conservation psychology, and scales of conservation from the local to the global. Taken together, the essays make a strong case for why we must replace our habits of domination and exploitation with compassionate conservation if we are to make the world a better place for nonhuman and human animals alike.


Jasper's Story: Saving Moon Bears

Sleeping Bear Press, 2013

For years Jasper, a moon bear, lived a miserable existence, held captive in a cage by bear farmers in rural China. The farmers extracted the bile from Jasper's body and sold it to be used in traditional medicines. It's a horrific practice and conducted on thousands of moon bears each year. But now Jasper has the chance to be free and live a life away from pain and torture. In 2000, Animals Asia, an animal welfare organization, rescued Jasper and other captive moon bears, taking them to its Moon Bear Rescue Centre. Here veterinarians attended to the bears' wounds, hoping to give them some chance of a peaceful existence in the animal sanctuary. But after so many years of abuse Jasper's wounds, both physical and mental, are extensive. Can Jasper mend his body and mind and finally enjoy the life he was meant to live?

For far too long humans have been ignoring nature. As the most dominant, overproducing, overconsuming, big-brained, big-footed, arrogant, and invasive species ever known, we are wrecking the planet at an unprecedented rate. And while science is important to our understanding of the impact we have on our environment, it alone does not hold the answers to the current crisis, nor does it get people to act. In Ignoring Nature No More, Marc Bekoff and a host of renowned contributors argue that we need a new mind-set about nature, one that centers on empathy, compassion, and being proactive.

This collection of diverse essays is the first book devoted to compassionate conservation, a growing global movement that translates discussions and concerns about the well-being of individuals, species, populations, and ecosystems into action. Written by leading scholars in a host of disciplines, including biology, psychology, sociology, social work, economics, political science, and philosophy, as well as by locals doing fieldwork in their own countries, the essays combine the most creative aspects of the current science of animal conservation with analyses of important psychological and sociocultural issues that encourage or vex stewardship. The contributors tackle topics including the costs and benefits of conservation, behavioral biology, media coverage of animal welfare, conservation psychology, and scales of conservation from the local to the global. Taken together, the essays make a strong case for why we must replace our habits of domination and exploitation with compassionate conservation if we are to make the world a better place for nonhuman and human animals alike.


Why Dogs Hump and Bees Get Depressed

The Fascinating Science of Animal Intelligence, Emotions, Friendship, and Conservation

New World Library, 2013

In 2009, Marc Bekoff was asked to write on animal emotions for Psychology Today. Some 500 popular, jargon-free essays later, the field of anthrozoology, the study of human-animal interactions, has grown exponentially, as have the data showing how smart and emotional nonhuman animals are. Here Bekoff updates selected essays that showcase animal cognitive abilities as well as empathy, grief, humor, and love. Humpback whales protect gray whales from orca attacks, combat dogs suffer from PTSD, and bees reveal thrill-seeking tendencies. While the science prompts questions about biomedical research and industrial agriculture, Bekoff's handling of it offers what Good Morning America veterinarian Dr. Marty Becker calls an "ethical compass" and reminds us that, as His Holiness the Dalai Lama put it in writing about Bekoff's work, "the more we care for the happiness of others, the greater our own sense of well being becomes."



The Animal Manifesto

Six Reasons for Expanding Our Compassion Footprint

New World Library, 2010

In this inspirational call to action, Marc Bekoff, the world’s leading expert on animal emotions, gently shows that improving our treatment of animals is a matter of rethinking our many daily decisions and “expanding our compassion footprint.” He demonstrates that animals experience a rich range of emotions, including empathy and compassion, and that they clearly know right from wrong. Driven by moral imperatives and pressing environmental realities, Bekoff offers six compelling reasons for changing the way we treat animals -- whether they’re in factory farms, labs, circuses, or our vanishing wilderness. The result is a well-researched, informative guide that will change animal and human lives for the better.


Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare

Second Edition

Greenwood, 2009

Expanded to two volumes, the comprehensively updated new edition, Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare: Second Edition is an extraordinary publishing event. It remains the only reference to cover the entire scope of animal rights and welfare from a global interdisciplinary perspective, with an international team of contributors assembled by Marc Bekoff covering animal treatment issues in the United States, China, India, Kenya, Australia, and many other nations.

With a focused emphasis on fairness and justice for animals evident on every page, Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare: Second Edition offers clear explanations of hot-button topics like puppy mills, endangered species in zoos, no-kill shelters, dog fighting, factory farming and disease, veganism, conservation ethics, wildlife contraception, and more. The encyclopedia also explores a range of religious, ethical, and philosophical views on using animals, as well as the latest research on animal cognition and sentience. The work helps readers understand the different viewpoints of animal welfare advocates who want to improve conditions for animals and animal rights activists who don't want animals used at all.

Title Features:

  • Includes hundreds of alphabetically organized entries covering the full range of topics related to animal rights and welfare, including dog fighting, endangered species in zoos, animals as disease carriers, factory farming, veganism, and more
  • Encompasses the work of 150 contributors -- experts from around the world that make up a virtual “who’s who” in the broad areas of animal protection
  • Outlines a chronology of legislation and other important events that have had a significant impact on animal rights issues
  • Lists references for each entry, plus a comprehensive bibliography at the end of the encyclopedia.


Wild Justice: The Moral Lives of Animals

by Marc Bekoff and Jessica Pierce

University of Chicago Press, 2009

Scientists have long counseled against interpreting animal behavior in terms of human emotions, warning that such anthropomorphizing limits our ability to understand animals as they really are. Yet what are we to make of a female gorilla in a German zoo who spent days mourning the death of her baby? Or a wild female elephant who cared for a younger female after she was injured by a rambunctious teenage male? Or a rat who refused to push a lever for food when he saw that doing so caused another rat to be shocked? Aren't these clear signs that animals have recognizable emotions and moral intelligence? With Wild Justice Marc Bekoff and Jessica Pierce unequivocally answer yes. Marrying years of behavioral and cognitive research with compelling and moving anecdotes, Bekoff and Pierce reveal that animals exhibit a broad repertoire of moral behaviors, including fairness, empathy, trust, and reciprocity. Underlying these behaviors is a complex and nuanced range of emotions, backed by a high degree of intelligence and surprising behavioral flexibility. Animals, in short, are incredibly adept social beings, relying on rules of conduct to navigate intricate social networks that are essential to their survival. Ultimately, Bekoff and Pierce draw the astonishing conclusion that there is no moral gap between humans and other species: morality is an evolved trait that we unquestionably share with other social mammals. Sure to be controversial, Wild Justice offers not just cutting-edge science, but a provocative call to rethink our relationship with -- and our responsibilities toward -- our fellow animals.


Animals at Play

Rules of the Game (Animals and Ethics)

Temple University Press, 2008

Dogs chase each other and wrestle. Cats pounce and bite. These animals may look like they are fighting, but if you pay close attention - as world-renowned biologist Marc Bekoff does - you can see they are playing and learning the rules of their games. In Animals at Play Bekoff shows us how animals behave when they play, with full-color illustrations showing animals in action and having fun - from squirrels climbing up a tree to polar bears somersaulting in the snow. Bekoff emphasizes how animals communicate, cooperate, and learn to play fair and what happens when they break the rules. He uses lively illustrations and simple explanations of what it means when a sea lion swims with kelp in its mouth or when two dogs bow to each other. Bekoff also describes what happens when animals become too aggressive, and how they apologize, forgive, and learn to trust one another. This entertaining and informative book will delight every child and show them how animals and humans interact when they are having fun. Recommended for children ages 9-11. In the series,Animals and Ethics, edited by Marc Bekoff.

"Marc Bekoff's ideas about fair play stress the significance of cooperation and justice, aspects of behavior desperately needed in the world today ... Read this book, share it with the children in your life, and incorporate its lessons into your classroom, family room or Board room."  • Jane Goodall, PhD, DBE, UN Messenger of Peace


Animals Matter

A Biologist Explains Why We Should Treat Animals With Compassion and Respect

Shambala, 2007

Non-human animals have many of the same feelings we do. They get hurt, they suffer, they are happy, and they take care of each other. Marc Bekoff, a renowned biologist specializing in animal minds and emotions, guides readers from high school age up -- including older adults who want a basic introduction to the topic in looking at scientific research, philosophical ideas, and humane values that argue for the ethical and compassionate treatment of animals. Citing the latest scientific studies and tackling controversies with conviction, he zeroes in on the important questions, inviting reader participation with "thought experiments" and ideas for action.


Encyclopedia of Human-Animal Relationships

A Global Exploration of Our Connections with Animals — 4 Volumes

Greenwood Press, 2007

Humans and animals live together on earth, but as we increasingly reshape ecosystems to accommodate larger populations, technology, and increased consumption, animals are greatly affected. The history of civilization shows that humans have used animals for food, clothing, transportation, making a living, and even companionship, as well as subjects for the arts, literature, and within religious beliefs.

Renowned animal behaviorist Marc Bekoff and 300 experts from around the globe provide more than 350 essays that discuss such topics as:

  • animals and ecology
  • animals and global warming
  • animals as food
  • animals as pets
  • animals and diseases
  • animals in research and in education
  • animals providing assistance, and
  • the influence of animals in art, religion and philosophy, literature, music, dance, and entertainment.

Students and all those wanting a better understanding of the reciprocal connections and interdependence of organisms on the planet will benefit from this fascinating and instructive reference work. Bekoff and contributors ranging from scientists and researchers in other disciplines to teachers, writers, and artists along with those who work with animals in service, rescue, and training have provided engaging and thought-provoking entries ranging in length from 500 to more than 5,000 words. Each entry in the encyclopedia ends with recommended further resources, which may include books, articles, websites, and videos.


Listening to Cougar

University Press of Colorado, 2007

This spellbinding tribute to Puma concolor honors the big cat's presence on the land and in our psyches. In some essays, the mountain lion appears front and center: a lion leaps over Rick Bass's feet, hurtles off a cliff in front of J. Frank Dobie, gazes at Julia Corbett when she opens her eyes after an outdoor meditation, emerges from the fog close enough for poet Gary Gildner to touch. Marc Bekoff opens his car door for a dog that turns out to be a lion. Other works evoke lions indirectly. Biologists describe aspects of cougar ecology, such as its rugged habitat and how males struggle to claim territory.

Conservationists relate the political history of America's greatest cat. Short stories and essays consider lions' significance to people, reflecting on accidental encounters, dreams, Navajo beliefs, guided hunts, and how vital mountain lions are to people as symbols of power and wildness.



The Emotional Lives of Animals

A Leading Scientist Explores Animal Joy, Sorrow, and Empathy - and Why They Matter

New World Library, February 2007

Based on Marc Bekoff's years of experience studying communication patterns of a wide range of animals, this important book shows that animals have rich emotional lives. Not only can animal emotions teach us about love, empathy, and compassion, argues Bekoff -- they require us to radically rethink our current relationship of domination and abuse of animals. Bekoff skillfully blends extraordinary stories and anecdotes of animal grief, joy, embarrassment, anger, and love with the latest scientific research confirming the existence of emotions that commonsense experience has long implied. The author also explores the evolutionary purposes of emotions, showing how science is discovering brain structures that produce emotions, how we can track an evolutionary continuum based on shared brain structures between species, and how new information is being revealed by noninvasive neurological research techniques. Filled with Bekoff's light humor and touching stories, The Emotional Lives of Animals is a clarion call for reassessing both how we view animals and how we treat them.


Animal Passions and Beastly Virtues

Reflections on Redecorating Nature

Temple University Press, 2005

What is it really like to be a dog? Do animals experience emotions like pleasure, joy, and grief? Marc Bekoff's work draws world-wide attention for its originality and its probing into what animals think about and know as well as what they feel, what physical and mental skills they use to live successfully within their social community. Bekoff's work, whether addressed to scientists or the general public, demonstrates that investigations into animal thought, emotions, self-awareness, behavioral ecology, and conservation biology can be compassionate as well as scientifically rigorous.

In Animal Passions and Beastly Virtues, Bekoff brings together essays on his own ground-breaking research and on what scientists know about the remarkable range and flexibility of animal behavior. His fascinating and often amusing observations of dogs, wolves, coyotes, prairie dogs, elephants, and other animals playing, leaving and detecting scent-marks ("yellow snow"), solving problems, and forming friendships challenge the idea that science and the ethical treatment of animals are incompatible.


Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior (3 volumes)

Edited by Marc Bekoff

Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004

What is it like to be a dog, or a chimpanzee, or an ant? How do animals communicate? Why do they play? Can animals feel emotions like empathy and grief? These and many other questions are answered in The Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, the most authoritative, comprehensive, and accessible resource on the scientific study of animal behavior. The contributors are an international group of prominent animal behavior scholars and authorities from many different disciplines, including biology, psychology, anthropology, sociology, philosophy, veterinary medicine, law, and religious studies. Entries examine a broad array of different species and behavior patterns, using techniques that range from molecular approaches to the study of behavior to analyses of individuals, populations, species, and ecosystems. Informed by the best and most recent scholarship, entries are written with the lay public in mind, and all material is explained in understandable, jargon-free language. This user-friendly resource will appeal to students and scholars of animal behavior, behavioral ecology, conservation biology, and wildlife photography, as well as animal advocates and anyone with a love for animals.

The Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior includes many features over 200 fascinating topical entries, including:

  • Friendship in Animals;
  • Communication in Mammals, Birds, Fish, and Insects;
  • Tool Use in Primates, Elephants, and Birds;
  • Culture;
  • Language;
  • Consciousness; and
  • Mating in Mammals, Birds, and Insects

Over 300 photographs, charts, and diagrams that illustrate aspects of animal behavior; Numerous sidebars on behaviors that help illuminate the more abstract and theoretical concepts; Entries on the usefulness of animal behavior in such careers as conservation biology, zoo research and animal care, and applied animal behavior including animal-assisted therapy in counseling and in hospitals and hospices.

More than anything else, The Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior will instill in any reader great respect and wonder for the mysteries of the animal world.


The Ten Trusts

What We Must Do to Care for the Animals We Love

Co-authored with Jane Goodall

HarperOne, 2003

Combining their life's work living among chimpanzees and coyotes and studying animals with a spiritual perspective on the interrelationship between humans and animals, world-renowned behavioral scientists Jane Goodall and Marc Bekoff set forth ten trusts that we as humans must honor as custodians of the planet. They argue passionately and persuasively that if we put these trusts to work in our lives, the whole world will be safer and more harmonious for all. The central theme of the trusts is one that both authors have been writing about for years - the importance and value of the individuals of all species.The Ten Trusts expands the concept of our obligation to live in close relationship with animals - for of course, we humans are part of the animal kingdom - challenging us to respect the interconnection between all living beings as we learn to care about them as individuals.

The world is changing. Humans beings are gradually becoming more aware of the damage we are inflicting on the natural world. We are moving toward a world where cruelty and hatred are transformed into compassion and love. At this critical moment for the earth the authors share their hope and vision for humanity and all Earth's creatures. They dream of when scientists and non-scientists can work together to create a world in which human beings can live in peace and harmony with each other, animals, and the natural world.

Simple yet profound, The Ten Trusts will not only change our perspective on how we live on this planet, they will establish our responsibilities as stewards of the natural world and show us how to live with respect for all life.


The Cognitive Animal

MIT Press, 2002

The fifty-seven original essays in this book provide a comprehensive overview of the interdisciplinary field of animal cognition. The contributors include cognitive ethologists, behavioral ecologists, experimental and developmental psychologists, behaviorists, philosophers, neuroscientists, computer scientists and modelers, field biologists, and others. The diversity of approaches is both philosophical and methodological, with contributors demonstrating various degrees of acceptance or disdain for such terms as "consciousness" and varying degrees of concern for laboratory experimentation versus naturalistic research. In addition to primates, particularly the nonhuman great apes, the animals discussed include antelopes, bees, dogs, dolphins, earthworms, fish, hyenas, parrots, prairie dogs, rats, ravens, sea lions, snakes, spiders, and squirrels.

The topics include (but are not limited to) definitions of cognition, the role of anecdotes in the study of animal cognition, anthropomorphism, attention, perception, learning, memory, thinking, consciousness, intentionality, communication, planning, play, aggression, dominance, predation, recognition, assessment of self and others, social knowledge, empathy, conflict resolution, reproduction, parent-young interactions and caregiving, ecology, evolution, kin selection, and neuroethology.


Minding Animals

Awareness, Emotions, and Heart

Oxford University Press, 2002

Thinking bees, ice-skating buffaloes, dreaming rats, happy foxes, ecstatic elephants, despondent dolphins--inMinding Animals, Marc Bekoff takes us on an exhilarating tour of the emotional and mental world of animals, where we meet creatures who do amazing things and whose lives are filled with mysteries.

Following in the footsteps of Konrad Lorenz and Niko Tinbergen, Bekoff has spent the last 30 years studying animals of every stripe--from coyotes in Wyoming to penguins in Antarctica. He draws on this vast experience, as well as on the observations of other naturalists, to offer readers fascinating stories of animal behavior, including grooming and gossip, self-medication, feeding patterns, dreaming, dominance, and mating behavior. Many of these stories are truly incredible--chimpanzees medicating themselves with herbal remedies, elephants clearly mourning a dead group member--but this is not simply a catalog of amazing animal tales, for Bekoff also sheds light on many of the more serious issues surrounding animals. He offers a thought-provoking look at animal cognition, intelligence, and consciousness and he presents vivid examples of animal passions, highlighting the deep emotional lives of our animal kin. All this serves as background for his thoughtful conclusions about humility and animal protection and animal well-being, where he urges a new paradigm of respect, grace, compassion, and love for all animals.

Marc Bekoff has gone deep into the minds, hearts, spirits, and souls of animals, giving him profound insight into their lives, and no small insight into ours. Minding Animals is an important contribution to our understanding of animal consciousness, a major work that will be a must read for anyone who loves nature.


The Smile of a Dolphin

Remarkable Accounts of Animal Emotions

Discovery Books 1st ed.

Longtime mates Turbo and Kachina get agitated whenever the other is even briefly out of sight. Kanzi, jealous of his younger sister, throws temper tantrums when she outperforms him. Tulip giggles when she's tickled and loves to play games. And Ake gets angry when scolded; she once hurled a plastic pipe at her teacher when the instructor rebuked her for failing a task.

Turbo and Kachina, Kanzi, Tulip, and Ake are, respectively, a pair of Arabian horses, a bonobo, a rat, and a dolphin. In each case their devotion, jealousy, playfulness, and anger, their display of emotion, was observed and reported by a scientist—an expert in animal behavior whose formal training has discouraged either anthropomorphic thinking or jumping to conclusions.

In this unforgettable collection of stories, more than fifty experts on animals ranging from great apes to guppies present compelling evidence that, when faced with such circumstances as losing a child; confronting an enemy; choosing a mate; or being tricked, chastised, challenged, played with, or picked on; many animals do seem to have an emotional response, one whose underpinnings may be strikingly similar to our own. What's more, these familiar feelings occur even in such "unlikely" animals as birds, reptiles, and fish.

Harvard paleobiologist Stephen Jay Gould writes in his foreword: "The authors of this book pursue a . . . lover's quarrel with scientific convention. They write these case studies from their own experiences --not the luck of casual and fortuitous moments, but the distillation of a best and most revealing particular from a lifetime of expertise...."

Never before has a book on this controversial subject presented the findings of so many distinguished contributors, among them Roger and Deborah Fouts of Central Washington University, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh of Georgia State University, Cynthia Moss of the Amboseli Elephant Research Project, David Macdonald of Oxford University, and best-selling author Elizabeth Marshall Thomas. Combining keen observational skills with a genuine fascination with their subjects, these scientists offer convincing, compassionate evidence for the rich emotional lives of a broad range of species. Engagingly illustrated with 120 photographs, The Smile of a Dolphin: Remarkable Accounts of Animal Emotions will captivate both admirers of scientific inquiry and animal lovers.


Species of Mind

The Philosophy and Biology of Cognitive Ethology

Co-authored with Colin Allen

MIT Press, 1999

The authors of this book, a philosopher and a cognitive ethologist, approach their work from the perspective that many animals have minds and rich cognitive lives. They also believe that arguments about evolutionary continuity are as applicable to the study of animal minds and brains as they are to comparative studies of kidneys, stomachs, and hearts. Cognitive ethologists study the comparative, evolutionary, and ecological aspects of the mental phenomena of animals. Philosophy can provide cognitive ethology with an analytical basis for the attribution and assessment of cognition to nonhuman animals. Cognitive ethology can help philosophy to explain mentality in naturalistic terms by providing data on the evolution of cognition.

The heart of the book is this reciprocal relationship between philosophical theories of mind and empirical studies of animal cognition. All theoretical discussion is carefully tied to case studies, particularly in the areas of antipredator vigilance and social play, where there are many points of contact with philosophical discussions of intentionality and representation. The authors make specific suggestions about how to use philosophical theories of intentionality as starting points for empirical investigation of animal minds. They also discuss cognitive ethology's relevance to questions of ethics, as our beliefs about the mental lives of animals strongly affect our attitudes toward their moral status.


Readings in Animal Cognition

MIT Press, 1995

This collection of 24 readings is the first comprehensive treatment of important topics by leading figures in the rapidly growing interdisciplinary field of animal cognition. Taken together the essays provide the nucleus for an introductory course in animal cognition (cognitive ethology and comparative psychology), philosophy of biology, or philosophy of mind.

Selections are grouped in five sections: Perspectives on Animal Cognition; Cognitive and Evolutionary Explanations; Recognition, Choice, Vigilance, and Play; Communication and Language; and Animal Minds. Seventeen essays are reprinted from the authors much cited two-volume collection, Interpretation and Explanation in the Study of Animal Behavior. One essay taken from that book has been subsequently revised, and five additional essays are recent examples of critical thinking in cognitive ethology. The preface and final chapter, Ethics and the Study of Animal Cognition, are new.



Biology, Behavior and Management

Blackburn Press, 2001

This classic of the canid literature, originally published in 1978, pulls together much disparate research in coyote evolution, taxonomy, reproduction, communication, behavioral development, population dynamics, ethology and ecological studies in the Southwest, Minnesota, Iowa, New England and Wyoming as well as studies on livestock damage and research on other canids.


Strolling with Our Kin

Speaking for and Respecting Voiceless Animals

Lantern Books, 2

Bekoff takes the reader on a philosophical and ethical odyssey examining how we can all live in harmony with our fellow kin. He asks us to explore our thoughts and expand our views of a world made up of many species, only one of which is human. He shines a light on our own ethical inconsistencies and asks readers where we go from here. Bekoff leaves us with the feeling that we too can help save and heal animals in this world, and that we too can stroll with our kin by acting on behalf of them.



Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare (2 vols)

Greenwood Press, 1998

From the use of animals in experiments to develop medicine for people, to the preservation of endangered species in zoos, human beings' responsibility to and for their fellow animals has become an increasingly controversial subject. This book, which Jane Goodall in her foreword calls "unique, informative, and exciting," provides a provocative overview of the many different perspectives on the issues of animal rights and animal welfare in an easy-to-use encyclopedic format. Students, teachers, and interested readers can explore the ideas of well-known philosophers, biologists, and psychologists in this field, such as Peter Singer, Tom Regan, and over 125 others, all of whom have contributed original entries.


Nature's Purposes

MIT Press, 1998

Within the natural sciences, only biologists take seriously teleological statements about design, purpose, and adaptive function. Some biologists claim that to understand the complex morphological and behavioral traits of organisms we must say what they are for, which is to give a teleological explanation of why organisms have them. Others argue that the theory of natural selection, in providing statistical explanations for the same phenomena, obviates any need for teleological thinking. If teleology cannot be eliminated from biology, it raises fundamental questions about the nature of biological explanation and about the relationship of biology to the rest of science.

To account for "Nature's purposes" is arguably the most important basic issue in the philosophy of biology. This volume provides a guide to the discussion among biologists and philosophers about the role of concepts such as function and design in an evolutionary understanding of life. All of the contributors examine biological teleology from a naturalistic perspective. Most of them maintain that teleological claims in biology both describe and explain something--but opinions vary as to exactly what is explained and how.

Contributors: Fred Adams, Colin Allen, Ron Amundson, Francisco J. Ayala, Mark Bedau, Marc Bekoff, John Bigelow, Walter J. Bock, Robert N. Brandon, Robert Cummins, Berent Enç, Carl Gans, Peter Godfrey-Smith, Stephen Jay Gould, Paul E. Griffiths, R. A. Hinde, Philip Kitcher, George V. Lauder, Ruth Garrett Millikan, S. D. Mitchell, Ernest Nagel, Karen Neander, Robert Pargetter, M. J. S. Rudwick, Gerd von Wahlert, Elisabeth S. Vrba, Larry Wright.


Animal Play

Evolutionary, Comparative, and Ecological Perspectives

Cambridge University Press, 1998

Why do animals play? Play has been described in many different species from reptiles to humans and can give insights into the development and evolution of other behaviours. This unique interdisciplinary volume examines human and animal play in a broad range of contexts. Animal Play is destined to become the benchmark volume in this subject for many years to come, and will provide a source of inspiration and understanding for students and researchers in behavioural biology, neurobiology, psychology and anthropology.


Nature's Life Lessons

Everyday Truths from Nature

Fulcrum Publishing, 1996

Putting a spin on evolution, the authors show how basic truths from nature can provide telling commentary on our modern world. Readers will be amused and fascinated to see how the behavior of a wide variety of plants and animals--frogs and flamingos, monkeys and mice, wolves and wattled jicanas--mirrors that of humans and vice versa. With more than 250 life lessons, this fully illustrated book is proof positive of how much we have in common with such lovable beasts as the yarrow spiny lizard and hermaphrodite slugs.

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